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SafetIcare / RAPID

Research projects For Safety

Analysis of serious events (accidents or near accidents) is generally considered the “reactive” part of risk management, because it is triggered in response to events that we want to avoid. It is often considered to be insufficiently effective, the reasoning being that it leads especially to avoiding events that have already occurred, and therefore lags behind. We tend therefore to prefer approaches generating a lead, dealing with events deemed incidental but as far removed as possible from the accident. But these approaches, generally termed “proactive”, use the same logic as accident analyses: understanding “why it happened” by analysing the tree structure of direct and/or indirect (organisational) causes of the incident, and then ensuring that “this does not happen again” by eliminating these causes with appropriate measures. There are in fact many defence mechanisms that are put in place and are triggered in reaction to the perception of threats generated by the occurrence of a particular anomaly. These mechanisms disrupt the correlation that may exist between the frequency of anomalies and the frequency of accidents. An accident should therefore be seen especially as a failure of the mechanisms of perception and risk control. The MINOS method designed by Dedale, to address this approach, was implemented in a Research prototype to deal with Safety Data and manage it. This project financed by DGA was developed between 2014 and 2016 and led to a prototype that in turn helped to improve SafetyCube.