SafetIcare / RAPID
Analysis of serious events (accidents or near accidents) is generally considered the “reactive” part of risk management, because it is triggered in response to events that we want to avoid. It is often considered to be insufficiently effective, the reasoning being that it leads especially to avoiding events that have already occurred, and therefore lags behind. We tend therefore to prefer approaches generating a lead, dealing with events deemed incidental but as far removed as possible from the accident. But these approaches, generally termed “proactive”, use the same logic as accident analyses: understanding “why it happened” by analysing the tree structure of direct and/or indirect (organisational) causes of the incident, and then ensuring that “this does not happen again” by eliminating these causes with appropriate measures.